Abuse, Addiction and Dependence

Addiction:  a primary, chronic, neurobiological disease with genetic, psychosocial and environmental factors with influence its development and manifestations.  It is characterized by behaviors that include decreased control over drug use, complusive use, continued use despite harm and/or craving. Physical Dependence:  a state of adaptation that is manifested by a drug-class-specific withdrawal syndrome that can be … Continue reading

Smoking Cessation

Detrimental effects of smoking and benefits of smoking cessation Detrimental effects:  various cancers, CV, respiratory, reproductive, death Dependence:  abrupt discontinuation leads to withdrawal; need the substance to maintain homeostasis Addiction: drug seeking behavior for continued use; compulsive use despite negative effects Tolerance:  diminished effect of a drug upon repeated use Reinforcement:  reminder of the good … Continue reading