Nausea and Vomiting (OTC Treatment)

NAUSEA & VOMITING Nausea: uncomfortable sensation in the  stomach that can result in vomiting Vomiting : expulsion of stomach contents in a forceful manner Most common reason for N/V: motion sickness, food, stress, migraine, overindulgence, pregnancy Be concerned if vomiting lasts over 24 h, blood or bile in vomit, rapid breathing/pulse Simple nausea with vomiting: … Continue reading

Pediatric GI Issues (OTC Treatments)

PEDIATRIC GI ISSUES Gripe = sharp spasmodic pain in the bowel Gripe is a symptom of colic Colic = a syndrome where a healthy baby cries or screams frequently for extended periods of time for no apparent reason Usually occurs between 4 weeks to 8 months of age May repeat on a schedule (same time … Continue reading

Constipation (OTC Treatment)

CONSTIPATION Constipation is not a disease & most of the time it is temporary & not serious Constipation is a reduction in the frequency of bowel movements that is less than normal for a particular person Constipation symptoms:  strain during bowel movements, infrequent evacuation, hard/lumpy/difficult stools, incomplete evacuation, sense of blockage, bloating, abdominal pain, distention … Continue reading

Diarrhea (OTC Treatment)

DIARRHEA Diarrhea = an increase in stool frequency Loose, watery stools May be acute or chronic Viruses are the cause of most acute diarrhea  (rotavirus vaccine cures this the majority of the time) Traveler’s diarrhea is usually bacterial in nature May also be caused by parasites, food intolerances (lactose), medications (like antibiotics) Lactose intolerance:  congenital … Continue reading

Acid Related Disorders (OTC Treatment)

Acid Related Disorders Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) Disruption of the upper GI lining (mucosa) that must be diagnosed by a physician Characterized by possible blood in vomit or stool (GI bleeding) Usually caused by bacteria Treated w/ H2 antagonists & antacids Heartburn Burning, pain in esophagus (upper GI as opposed to peptic ulcer which is … Continue reading

The Common Cold (OTC Treatment)

Colds Pediatrics may refers to people up to the age of 21 OTC pediatric use often deals with children under 12 Generally speaking:  OTC cough & cold products should NOT be used for children under 2 years of age Recommend non-drug measures in kids under 4 years of age Don’t use antihistamines just to make … Continue reading